Taiwan and Okinawa（Ryukyu) Similarities and Differences in History, Political Identity and Foreign Relations
Taiwan and Okinawa are neighborhood nations(regions). Both Islands lie in the eastern region of China and the southern region of Japan archipelagoes. Both regions(nations) share commonalities in History, Political Identity and Foreign policy. The purpose of this report is to compare Taiwan and Okinawa across the fields of history, political identity and foreign relation to make clearly similarities and differences of two nations(regions) between two nations/regions. The contents include Relations with China, the Mudan tribal Incident, Sino-Japanese War, During the cold war, and after the normal relations of PRC with USA and Japan. We can find some similarities and some differences. The similarities are; both regions are influenced by outside foreign powers; both regions have independent attitude in the political movement; both regions/nations experienced colonial administration under the Japanese comment. The differences are; Taiwanese and Okinawans are different ethnicities; Ryukyu Kingdoms was in the Okinawa Islands, but the strong central organization not in Taiwan Islands. Today there are the issues on the conflicts on the Senkaku Islands/Daiaoyutai and the fishing zones between Taiwan and Okinawa. However, Taiwan and Okinawa people believe that they are in brother and sister islands, because they are both islands people and experienced the same history, culture and life of natural environment. The Taiwan and Okinawa Relations will be a model of the International exchanges in the hard conflicts era.