Sino-Cuban Relations from 1964 to 1995: Conflict and Reconciliation
The author aims to explore the origin and the prolongation of the Sino-Cuban conflict from 1964 to the early 1980s and the road to the reconciliation and the strengthening of relations by the late 1980s from Chinese perspectives by using China's official publications and other relevant Chinese-language sources. Notwithstanding his agreement with the previous studies in treating the Sino-Soviet conflict and the Sino-American rapprochement as crucial factors leading to the deterioration of relations and the prolongation of the conflict between China and Cuba, the author argues that China never saw Cuba as a security threat in concrete terms and her conflict with Cuba was mostly polemic. However, the prolongation of the Sino-Soviet conflict and Cuba's pro-Soviet stance throughout the 1970s rendered the Sino-Cuban reconciliation impossible. In other words, until the Soviet Union proposed to begin the negotiation for the normalization of relations in 1982, China still needed Cuba as a target for "moral attack" to defame the Soviet Union and to rally support for anti-Soviet stance among Third World countries.