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中國貨幣史上的用銀轉變 中國經濟史研究

Kuroda, Akinobu 黑田明伸 Professor

2019 CCS Grant Scholar

Field of Study:

No:

Date:2020/2/10

摘要:

中國的銀兩是稱重計量的,最初被作為絲綢(用於遠距離貿易的支付) 的輔助性手段。 元代發行官鈔,面額以銅錢單位標示,但按銀重計價。 明代賦役徵銀後,大量銀條從日本及南美流入中國,用於交換絲綢、瓷器以及茶葉,民間買賣日常必需品的一般交易也用白銀結算。 18 世紀中葉,銅錢( 乾隆通寶) 供應量加大,並被用於本地貨物買賣,銀錠則用於遠距離交易,與銅錢形成了互補性結構。 不同於現代常識,銅錢與銀錠不固定的關系以及本地商人過賬時所用的稱重虛銀兩單位,對本地經濟起到了穩定作用,亦能對抗動蕩的區際貿易。